Rethinking Mobility: We need a fundamental Transportation Transformation
Mobility is of great significance to our society. Good infrastructure people can use to get to work or school as well as for the transport of goods is essential for a functioning economy. Nevertheless, transport always comes with negative external effects (e.g. emissions, noise, congestion…).
Second, only to the energy sector, transport is the sector in Germany, which emits the most greenhouse gas. While emission has decreased substantially in all other sectors in comparison to the year 1990, emissions from transport recently have even been higher than in 1990!
This is even more surprising, given that there are several transport policies that in part already have been implemented. These consist in particular of price policies in the form of taxes and subsidies for public transport, yet, also bans and standard in registrations of new cars. Only recently, bans for older Diesel cars in large cities (e.g. Stuttgart, Frankfurt…) and even on parts of highways (A40, Essen) have been announced. Also, five cities in Germany explore the possibilities of free public transport within pilot projects.
The question of how to achieve a transportation transformation towards more sustainable mobility, without causing a total collapse of transport, is central to this challenge.
Reports and Research Paper:
Buehler, R., Pucher, J., Gerike, R., & Götschi, T. (2017). Reducing car dependence in the heart of Europe: Lessons from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Transport Reviews, 37(1), 4-28.
Frondel, M. (2017), Viel Staub um den Diesel: City-Maut statt Fahrverbote!. WiSt – Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Studium 46 (10): 1.
Frondel, M., & Vance, C. (2017). Cycling on the extensive and intensive margin: The role of paths and prices. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 104, 21-31.
Knieps, G., Griese, T., Grüttner, A., Rottmann, O., Schiffer, H. W., Sieg, G., Stadelmann, David & Monheim, H. (2018). Fahrverbote, City-Maut, kostenloser öffentlicher Nahverkehr: Wege aus dem Verkehrskollaps?. ifo Schnelldienst, 71(09), 3-22.
OECD/ITF (2017), Transition to Shared Mobility – How large cities can deliver inclusive transport services, International Transport Forum, Paris, www.itf-oecd.org.
Weiterführende Informationen und Daten zum Thema Verkehr des Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Naturschutz und nukleare Sicherheit:
Artikelreihe zu neuen Verkehrskonzepten von verschiedenen Großstädten weltweit: