New Ways for a Future-proof and Generation-appropriate Care



This challenge was introduced by Ingo Kolodziej, a researcher at RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in Essen.


In the recent past, life expectancy has expanded significantly while at the same time the birth rates in Europe remained on a low level. As a result, the European population has grown older. That leads to a fundamental challenge for our societies: How can we cover the need of more longtime care for older adults, in particular when they spent their final years in a severe health condition? How can we match this high demand for longtime care in Europe and what costs are related to this issue? We have to find new solutions and ways to create a sustainable and fair care system for all generations.



How will the demographic structures change in the future? What influence has this in the health care system in particular? What are the current problems of the health care system? What will taking care look like? How can it be fair for all generations within the society? How can we guarantee a human care system? And what are the potential challenges and chances related to this increasing demand for care?

Recommended literature



Rothgang H, Müller R, Unger R (2012): Themenreport „Pflege 2030“. Was ist zu erwarten – was ist zu tun? Gütersloh: Bertelsmann Stiftung

European Commission (2014). Adequate social protection for long-term care needs in an ageing society.




Colombo, F., et al. (2011), Help Wanted?: Providing and Paying for Long-Term Care, OECD Publishing, Paris.

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