How to Strengthen the Economy in African Developing Countries?



This challenge was introduced by Roland Döhrn, a researcher at RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in Essen.


Recently, strengthening the economy in African developing countries has become an issue on the political agenda in Europe (Marshall Plan for Africa). This is above all a consequence of the increasing number of refugees coming from these countries to Europe. Many of them come for economic reasons since the prospects are meagre for find a job that allows earning an adequate income. Foreign Aid so far helped little to improve the situation. The work could start with a description of the political and economic situation in an African country or a group of countries. Reasons should be identified what hampers economic development. Built on this, a proposal should be outlined that might help to improve the situation. This can be either a concrete project on a micro level (e.g. improving access to education) or a broader project involving more participants.



What are the African countries of origin for people fleeing because of economic reasons? What kind of economic and political problems exists in these countries? How did these problems evolve and how do they interfere with a positive development? What could Europeans do to improve this situation in African countries sustainably? What would be an economical approach?

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