By USAID In Africa [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

YES! topic 2018

How to Strengthen the Economy in African Developing Countries?

by Roland Döhrn, a researcher at RWI Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in Essen

Selected by BBS Burgdorf I

Recently, strengthening the economy in African developing countries has become an issue on the political agenda in Europe (Marshall Plan for Africa). This is above all a consequence of the increasing number of refugees coming from these countries to Europe. Many of them come for economic reasons since the prospects are meagre for find a job that allows earning an adequate income. Foreign Aid so far helped little to improve the situation. The work could start with a description of the political and economic situation in an African country or a group of countries. Reasons should be identified what hampers economic development. Built on this, a proposal should be outlined that might help to improve the situation. This can be either a concrete project on a micro level (e.g. improving access to education) or a broader project involving more participants.

What are the African countries of origin for people fleeing because of economic reasons? What kind of economic and political problems exists in these countries? How did these problems evolve and how do they interfere with a positive development? What could Europeans do to improve this situation in African countries sustainably? What would be an economical approach?

Roland Döhrn

Roland Döhrn studied Economics at the University of Mainz and made his Ph. D. at the University of Bochum. Since 1978 he has been working at RWI Essen. From 1988 to 2002 he headed the research group International Economics. Since 2003 he is head of the research department “Macroeconomics and Public Finance” (formerly “Growth and Cycles”). Furthermore, he is a lecturer at the University of Duisburg-Essen.

Institution: RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research
YES! Participations: 2018