Partner

RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research2018-12-19T15:58:14+02:00

RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung

Das RWI ist Partner des YES! – Young Economic Summit seit 2018.

Das RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung ist eines der führenden Zentren für wissenschaftliche Forschung und evidenzbasierte Politikberatung in Deutschland und Mitglied der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft.

Wirtschaft geht jeden etwas an: Im RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung erforschen Wissenschaftler, was warum und mit welchen Folgen für den Einzelnen und die Gesellschaft in der Wirtschaft passiert. Das Institut unterstützt mit diesen Forschungen die Politik, liefert wichtige Grundlagen für deren Entscheidungen und bewertet politische Maßnahmen. Dazu forscht das RWI in allen Ebenen – vom Individuum bis zur Weltwirtschaft – in vier Kompetenzbereichen: „Arbeitsmärkte, Bildung, Bevölkerung“, „Gesundheit“, „Umwelt und Ressourcen“ sowie „Wachstum, Konjunktur, Öffentliche Finanzen“. Das „FDZ Ruhr am RWI“ versorgt die Wissenschaftler mit aktuellsten Zahlen. Zudem möchte das RWI als öffentlich finanziertes Forschungsinstitut wirtschaftliche Zusammenhänge verständlich der Öffentlichkeit vermitteln – damit jeder Wirtschaft versteht.

Das RWI im Internet und Social Web

Homepage: www.rwi-essen.de

Twitter: @RWI_Essen

Facebook: @RWI.Essen

Flickr: RWI_Essen

RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung

Das RWI ist Partner des YES! – Young Economic Summit seit 2018.

Das RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung ist eines der führenden Zentren für wissenschaftliche Forschung und evidenzbasierte Politikberatung in Deutschland und Mitglied der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft.

Wirtschaft geht jeden etwas an: Im RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung erforschen Wissenschaftler, was warum und mit welchen Folgen für den Einzelnen und die Gesellschaft in der Wirtschaft passiert. Das Institut unterstützt mit diesen Forschungen die Politik, liefert wichtige Grundlagen für deren Entscheidungen und bewertet politische Maßnahmen. Dazu forscht das RWI in allen Ebenen – vom Individuum bis zur Weltwirtschaft – in vier Kompetenzbereichen: „Arbeitsmärkte, Bildung, Bevölkerung“, „Gesundheit“, „Umwelt und Ressourcen“ sowie „Wachstum, Konjunktur, Öffentliche Finanzen“. Das „FDZ Ruhr am RWI“ versorgt die Wissenschaftler mit aktuellsten Zahlen. Zudem möchte das RWI als öffentlich finanziertes Forschungsinstitut wirtschaftliche Zusammenhänge verständlich der Öffentlichkeit vermitteln – damit jeder Wirtschaft versteht.

Das RWI im Internet und Social Web

Homepage: www.rwi-essen.de

Twitter: @RWI_Essen

Facebook: @RWI.Essen

Flickr: RWI_Essen

RWI-Themen für das YES! 2019

Forschende am RWI und Teilnehmer am YES!

The last-mile challenge – How can the economic objectives of delivery services be agreed with a resource-conserving urban development?

Courier, express and parcel services (CEP services) are not only essential for the functioning of the fast-growing e-commerce market but also for the diversity of inner-city retail trade. Local decision makers have long recognised the challenge they face in securing the diverse requirements of vibrant cities and simultaneously accommodating customers growing demand for CEP-services. By 2022 parcel delivery will grow to more than 4 bn shipments, from currently already 3,5 bn. As a result, cities must cope with growing noise pollution, poor air quality and congested infrastructure. Already, parcel logistics are responsible for 80% of inner-city congestion. The biggest challenge now is to define and implement new concepts and goals to secure sustainable city logistics. However, municipal competency is fragmented and each city has its own regulations. Hence, transferring new concepts across cities can be difficult. At the same time, the complexity of last-mile delivery increases. Consumers expect highly reliable, on-time, and even faster delivery (same day or even instant delivery). Yet most customers are highly price sensitive. Unattended delivery (e.g. to a parcel locker) – whilst more resource-conserving – is still comparatively unpopular.

As a growing number of competitors enter the increasingly complex market environment, competition increases too. In addition, large online retailers aim to control the entire supply chain. As a result, many different CEP-services operate within the same area, but with individual delivery-networks. This leads to unnecessary trips, higher costs and an inefficient city-logistics. However, this also creates a highly innovative environment. CEP service providers are, for example, testing autonomous ground vehicles, multi-purpose use of different spaces, or low-noise delivery methods at night to improve the effectiveness of their delivery system. Highly promising are so called micro-depots in central locations, at which parcels are stored and reloaded onto smaller, more mobile electric vehicles or bikes in order to be distributed within the near vicinity. From the perspective of city logistics, however, a cross-vendor last-mile distribution system would be much more effective. Yet, CEP service providers see their own concept of last-mile delivery as a key differentiator vis-à-vis their competitors and would rather not share their data.

The last-mile challenge presents a range questions:
Bearing in mind economic and ecologic aspects, what could be the optimal design for a logistic system in your city?

You may want to consider some of the following questions:

Where would be a good location for the micro-hubs? Within which radius should each be supplied? Which vehicles and which systems should be used? Should CEP service providers deliver individually or do you suggest a cross-vendor system (within defined areas / across the whole city)? How could cooperation between CEP service providers look like? What data is needed for an efficient delivery and which incentives could help a data-alliance between competitors (and municipalities)?

BIEK (2017), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2017 (Innovationen auf der letzten Meile), https://www.biek.de/index.php/
studien.html

BIEK (2015), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2015 (Nachhaltige Stadtlogistik durch Kurier- Express- und Paketdienste) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2018), KEP-Studie 2018 (Digitaler, effizienter) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2017), KEP-Studie 2017 (Wachstum über Grenzen hinweg) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

PWC (2017), Aufbruch auf der letzten Meile – Neue Wege für die städtische Logistik https://www.pwc.de/de/
transport-und-logistik/pwc-studie-aufbruch-auf-der-letzten-meile.pdf

McKinsey (2016), An integrated perspective on the future of mobility
http://worldmobilityleadershipforum.com/
wp-content/uploads/2016/11/An-integrated-perspective-on-the-future-of-mobility.pdf

ZF / ETM-Verlag / Fraunhofer- Institut für Materialfluss und Logistik IML (2016), ZF-Zukunftsstudie 2016. Die letzte Meile im Fokus der Innovationen
http://www.zf-zukunftsstudie.de/

Scientific Partner:

Authors of the topic:

Sabine Rumscheidt
Caroline Vogel

From Flight to Labour Market – How Can the Integration of Refugees Succeed?

The successful integration of refugees has become a key socio-political issue and is crucial to the positive experience of both the refugees and the host countries. The task to facilitate succesful integration applies both to the state and the host society.

Successful integration is a multidimensional concept including aspects such as employment, education, language, housing, health, social contacts and cultural knowledge. Particularly for the working age population, access to the labour market plays a central role, as employment can provide numerous benefits critical to economic independence, social participation in the host country and maintaining a healthy life. According to BAMF asylum statistics, between January and March 2018, 60.4% of asylum seekers were of working age, such that the question of employment affects the majority of asylum seekers. In addition, integration into the labour market can be regarded as a condition for success as it is an essential prerequisite for social coexistence.

Nevertheless, successful labour market integration of refugees entails substantial challenge. Lack of work-related skills, including language, vocational skills and qualifications, make it difficult to integrate refugees into the labour market. A limited social network, residence permit requirements and legal barriers can also add to the difficulty in integration.

In recent years, the Federal Government has adopted several measures and implemented numerous reforms promoting labour market integration of refugees. Nonetheless ,unemployment is high among refugees and their integration into the labour market a tedious process.

The central question that arises is how integration into the labour market can be designed such that refugees are successfully integration, while also the state and host society benefit. The challenge is to develop specific measures to facilitate labour market integration of refugees. Among other things, the asylum process and current difficulties should be addressed.

Photo by rawpixel on Unsplash

Scientific Partner:

Authors of  the topic:

Yvonne Giesing
Carla Rhode
Tanja Stitteneder
Madhinee Valeyatheepillay

Engelsburg Gymnasium Kassel (2019)

Finalist for the region South-West

Strengthening labour market integration of refugees: Which approaches work?
This is how we will make it: Promoting diversity and taking advantage of it. Integration of refugees into the employment market.
Looking back at 2015, the time of the refugee crisis was tight, and we all had one big question: How will we manage to incorporate all these people into our community and into our labour market? The goal was and is still to integrate refugees into our society and thus cause an upgrade to our economy. But there has not been made a lot of change lately even though there is a skill shortage in Germany and plenty of unemployed refugees.
After intensive research and lots of conversations with parties that are pertinent to the path of integration, we came to the conclusion that the issue is excessive demands.

The refugees have to get used to the new environment, a different culture and new people. They are supposed to learn an entirely foreign language with new characters. They have to build up a new existence by heading to various contact points. Translating documents, acknowledging papers and many more things have to be done.
On the other side, there are employers. Companies that do not know whether they are allowed to employ the refugees at all. Or if they are permitted, the question is how and where. Obviously, there is a large working surface. We see the solution in a digital platform. A website which is a point of intersection for legal information search, connection and communication. This solves the problem of no transparency, confusion and economic inefficiency during the integration process. It creates a space where integration can take place!

Our platform is supposed to be a drop-in centre for four different parties. The administration is a governmental authority. This could be the local authority, the urban administration or the employment office. It verifies the platform and gives information about the residence permit status and the work permit of the refugees.
And of course, the refugees will get to name their interests and specify their vita. Some things have to be stated by or with the official in charge, the level of language, for instance. To make it as easy as possible for all the diverse refugees. This platform is going to be released in a wide variety of languages.

Furthermore, there are employers. Small firms or big companies, everyone can offer internships, mini-jobs or regular jobs. These job advertisements will include information about necessary previous knowledge, the required level of language and other data that can vary.
The last party embraces all the “other suppliers“. This implies both language courses and free-time activities and volunteering offers.
What we do is sum up all the different essential and necessary information on the path of integration in one central item. This creates transparency, clarity and efficiency. This is what our platform makes unique and more advanced in comparison to the already existing but failed competitors.
Successful integration is key to a sophisticated and forward-looking society of tomorrow. These days Germany is struggling with right-wing radicalism. With the help from our platform, well-integrated refugees that enrich the lives of all of us can finally set an example. Hate and racism can eventually be reduced.And so we present the entire process of integration in a nutshell.

This is how we will make it. This is how we promote diversity and take advantage of variety. And this
is how we will manage to integrate refugees into the employment market.

The last-mile challenge – How can the economic objectives of delivery services be agreed with a resource-conserving urban development?

Courier, express and parcel services (CEP services) are not only essential for the functioning of the fast-growing e-commerce market but also for the diversity of inner-city retail trade. Local decision makers have long recognised the challenge they face in securing the diverse requirements of vibrant cities and simultaneously accommodating customers growing demand for CEP-services. By 2022 parcel delivery will grow to more than 4 bn shipments, from currently already 3,5 bn. As a result, cities must cope with growing noise pollution, poor air quality and congested infrastructure. Already, parcel logistics are responsible for 80% of inner-city congestion. The biggest challenge now is to define and implement new concepts and goals to secure sustainable city logistics. However, municipal competency is fragmented and each city has its own regulations. Hence, transferring new concepts across cities can be difficult. At the same time, the complexity of last-mile delivery increases. Consumers expect highly reliable, on-time, and even faster delivery (same day or even instant delivery). Yet most customers are highly price sensitive. Unattended delivery (e.g. to a parcel locker) – whilst more resource-conserving – is still comparatively unpopular.

As a growing number of competitors enter the increasingly complex market environment, competition increases too. In addition, large online retailers aim to control the entire supply chain. As a result, many different CEP-services operate within the same area, but with individual delivery-networks. This leads to unnecessary trips, higher costs and an inefficient city-logistics. However, this also creates a highly innovative environment. CEP service providers are, for example, testing autonomous ground vehicles, multi-purpose use of different spaces, or low-noise delivery methods at night to improve the effectiveness of their delivery system. Highly promising are so called micro-depots in central locations, at which parcels are stored and reloaded onto smaller, more mobile electric vehicles or bikes in order to be distributed within the near vicinity. From the perspective of city logistics, however, a cross-vendor last-mile distribution system would be much more effective. Yet, CEP service providers see their own concept of last-mile delivery as a key differentiator vis-à-vis their competitors and would rather not share their data.

The last-mile challenge presents a range questions:
Bearing in mind economic and ecologic aspects, what could be the optimal design for a logistic system in your city?

You may want to consider some of the following questions:

Where would be a good location for the micro-hubs? Within which radius should each be supplied? Which vehicles and which systems should be used? Should CEP service providers deliver individually or do you suggest a cross-vendor system (within defined areas / across the whole city)? How could cooperation between CEP service providers look like? What data is needed for an efficient delivery and which incentives could help a data-alliance between competitors (and municipalities)?

BIEK (2017), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2017 (Innovationen auf der letzten Meile), https://www.biek.de/index.php/
studien.html

BIEK (2015), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2015 (Nachhaltige Stadtlogistik durch Kurier- Express- und Paketdienste) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2018), KEP-Studie 2018 (Digitaler, effizienter) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2017), KEP-Studie 2017 (Wachstum über Grenzen hinweg) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

PWC (2017), Aufbruch auf der letzten Meile – Neue Wege für die städtische Logistik https://www.pwc.de/de/
transport-und-logistik/pwc-studie-aufbruch-auf-der-letzten-meile.pdf

McKinsey (2016), An integrated perspective on the future of mobility
http://worldmobilityleadershipforum.com/
wp-content/uploads/2016/11/An-integrated-perspective-on-the-future-of-mobility.pdf

ZF / ETM-Verlag / Fraunhofer- Institut für Materialfluss und Logistik IML (2016), ZF-Zukunftsstudie 2016. Die letzte Meile im Fokus der Innovationen
http://www.zf-zukunftsstudie.de/

Scientific Partner:

Authors of the topic:

Sabine Rumscheidt
Caroline Vogel

From Flight to Labour Market – How Can the Integration of Refugees Succeed?

The successful integration of refugees has become a key socio-political issue and is crucial to the positive experience of both the refugees and the host countries. The task to facilitate succesful integration applies both to the state and the host society.

Successful integration is a multidimensional concept including aspects such as employment, education, language, housing, health, social contacts and cultural knowledge. Particularly for the working age population, access to the labour market plays a central role, as employment can provide numerous benefits critical to economic independence, social participation in the host country and maintaining a healthy life. According to BAMF asylum statistics, between January and March 2018, 60.4% of asylum seekers were of working age, such that the question of employment affects the majority of asylum seekers. In addition, integration into the labour market can be regarded as a condition for success as it is an essential prerequisite for social coexistence.

Nevertheless, successful labour market integration of refugees entails substantial challenge. Lack of work-related skills, including language, vocational skills and qualifications, make it difficult to integrate refugees into the labour market. A limited social network, residence permit requirements and legal barriers can also add to the difficulty in integration.

In recent years, the Federal Government has adopted several measures and implemented numerous reforms promoting labour market integration of refugees. Nonetheless ,unemployment is high among refugees and their integration into the labour market a tedious process.

The central question that arises is how integration into the labour market can be designed such that refugees are successfully integration, while also the state and host society benefit. The challenge is to develop specific measures to facilitate labour market integration of refugees. Among other things, the asylum process and current difficulties should be addressed.

Photo by rawpixel on Unsplash

Scientific Partner:

Authors of  the topic:

Yvonne Giesing
Carla Rhode
Tanja Stitteneder
Madhinee Valeyatheepillay

Engelsburg Gymnasium Kassel (2019)

Finalist for the region South-West

Strengthening labour market integration of refugees: Which approaches work?
This is how we will make it: Promoting diversity and taking advantage of it. Integration of refugees into the employment market.
Looking back at 2015, the time of the refugee crisis was tight, and we all had one big question: How will we manage to incorporate all these people into our community and into our labour market? The goal was and is still to integrate refugees into our society and thus cause an upgrade to our economy. But there has not been made a lot of change lately even though there is a skill shortage in Germany and plenty of unemployed refugees.
After intensive research and lots of conversations with parties that are pertinent to the path of integration, we came to the conclusion that the issue is excessive demands.

The refugees have to get used to the new environment, a different culture and new people. They are supposed to learn an entirely foreign language with new characters. They have to build up a new existence by heading to various contact points. Translating documents, acknowledging papers and many more things have to be done.
On the other side, there are employers. Companies that do not know whether they are allowed to employ the refugees at all. Or if they are permitted, the question is how and where. Obviously, there is a large working surface. We see the solution in a digital platform. A website which is a point of intersection for legal information search, connection and communication. This solves the problem of no transparency, confusion and economic inefficiency during the integration process. It creates a space where integration can take place!

Our platform is supposed to be a drop-in centre for four different parties. The administration is a governmental authority. This could be the local authority, the urban administration or the employment office. It verifies the platform and gives information about the residence permit status and the work permit of the refugees.
And of course, the refugees will get to name their interests and specify their vita. Some things have to be stated by or with the official in charge, the level of language, for instance. To make it as easy as possible for all the diverse refugees. This platform is going to be released in a wide variety of languages.

Furthermore, there are employers. Small firms or big companies, everyone can offer internships, mini-jobs or regular jobs. These job advertisements will include information about necessary previous knowledge, the required level of language and other data that can vary.
The last party embraces all the “other suppliers“. This implies both language courses and free-time activities and volunteering offers.
What we do is sum up all the different essential and necessary information on the path of integration in one central item. This creates transparency, clarity and efficiency. This is what our platform makes unique and more advanced in comparison to the already existing but failed competitors.
Successful integration is key to a sophisticated and forward-looking society of tomorrow. These days Germany is struggling with right-wing radicalism. With the help from our platform, well-integrated refugees that enrich the lives of all of us can finally set an example. Hate and racism can eventually be reduced.And so we present the entire process of integration in a nutshell.

This is how we will make it. This is how we promote diversity and take advantage of variety. And this
is how we will manage to integrate refugees into the employment market.

The last-mile challenge – How can the economic objectives of delivery services be agreed with a resource-conserving urban development?

Courier, express and parcel services (CEP services) are not only essential for the functioning of the fast-growing e-commerce market but also for the diversity of inner-city retail trade. Local decision makers have long recognised the challenge they face in securing the diverse requirements of vibrant cities and simultaneously accommodating customers growing demand for CEP-services. By 2022 parcel delivery will grow to more than 4 bn shipments, from currently already 3,5 bn. As a result, cities must cope with growing noise pollution, poor air quality and congested infrastructure. Already, parcel logistics are responsible for 80% of inner-city congestion. The biggest challenge now is to define and implement new concepts and goals to secure sustainable city logistics. However, municipal competency is fragmented and each city has its own regulations. Hence, transferring new concepts across cities can be difficult. At the same time, the complexity of last-mile delivery increases. Consumers expect highly reliable, on-time, and even faster delivery (same day or even instant delivery). Yet most customers are highly price sensitive. Unattended delivery (e.g. to a parcel locker) – whilst more resource-conserving – is still comparatively unpopular.

As a growing number of competitors enter the increasingly complex market environment, competition increases too. In addition, large online retailers aim to control the entire supply chain. As a result, many different CEP-services operate within the same area, but with individual delivery-networks. This leads to unnecessary trips, higher costs and an inefficient city-logistics. However, this also creates a highly innovative environment. CEP service providers are, for example, testing autonomous ground vehicles, multi-purpose use of different spaces, or low-noise delivery methods at night to improve the effectiveness of their delivery system. Highly promising are so called micro-depots in central locations, at which parcels are stored and reloaded onto smaller, more mobile electric vehicles or bikes in order to be distributed within the near vicinity. From the perspective of city logistics, however, a cross-vendor last-mile distribution system would be much more effective. Yet, CEP service providers see their own concept of last-mile delivery as a key differentiator vis-à-vis their competitors and would rather not share their data.

The last-mile challenge presents a range questions:
Bearing in mind economic and ecologic aspects, what could be the optimal design for a logistic system in your city?

You may want to consider some of the following questions:

Where would be a good location for the micro-hubs? Within which radius should each be supplied? Which vehicles and which systems should be used? Should CEP service providers deliver individually or do you suggest a cross-vendor system (within defined areas / across the whole city)? How could cooperation between CEP service providers look like? What data is needed for an efficient delivery and which incentives could help a data-alliance between competitors (and municipalities)?

BIEK (2017), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2017 (Innovationen auf der letzten Meile), https://www.biek.de/index.php/
studien.html

BIEK (2015), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2015 (Nachhaltige Stadtlogistik durch Kurier- Express- und Paketdienste) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2018), KEP-Studie 2018 (Digitaler, effizienter) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2017), KEP-Studie 2017 (Wachstum über Grenzen hinweg) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

PWC (2017), Aufbruch auf der letzten Meile – Neue Wege für die städtische Logistik https://www.pwc.de/de/
transport-und-logistik/pwc-studie-aufbruch-auf-der-letzten-meile.pdf

McKinsey (2016), An integrated perspective on the future of mobility
http://worldmobilityleadershipforum.com/
wp-content/uploads/2016/11/An-integrated-perspective-on-the-future-of-mobility.pdf

ZF / ETM-Verlag / Fraunhofer- Institut für Materialfluss und Logistik IML (2016), ZF-Zukunftsstudie 2016. Die letzte Meile im Fokus der Innovationen
http://www.zf-zukunftsstudie.de/

Scientific Partner:

Authors of the topic:

Sabine Rumscheidt
Caroline Vogel

From Flight to Labour Market – How Can the Integration of Refugees Succeed?

The successful integration of refugees has become a key socio-political issue and is crucial to the positive experience of both the refugees and the host countries. The task to facilitate succesful integration applies both to the state and the host society.

Successful integration is a multidimensional concept including aspects such as employment, education, language, housing, health, social contacts and cultural knowledge. Particularly for the working age population, access to the labour market plays a central role, as employment can provide numerous benefits critical to economic independence, social participation in the host country and maintaining a healthy life. According to BAMF asylum statistics, between January and March 2018, 60.4% of asylum seekers were of working age, such that the question of employment affects the majority of asylum seekers. In addition, integration into the labour market can be regarded as a condition for success as it is an essential prerequisite for social coexistence.

Nevertheless, successful labour market integration of refugees entails substantial challenge. Lack of work-related skills, including language, vocational skills and qualifications, make it difficult to integrate refugees into the labour market. A limited social network, residence permit requirements and legal barriers can also add to the difficulty in integration.

In recent years, the Federal Government has adopted several measures and implemented numerous reforms promoting labour market integration of refugees. Nonetheless ,unemployment is high among refugees and their integration into the labour market a tedious process.

The central question that arises is how integration into the labour market can be designed such that refugees are successfully integration, while also the state and host society benefit. The challenge is to develop specific measures to facilitate labour market integration of refugees. Among other things, the asylum process and current difficulties should be addressed.

Photo by rawpixel on Unsplash

Scientific Partner:

Authors of  the topic:

Yvonne Giesing
Carla Rhode
Tanja Stitteneder
Madhinee Valeyatheepillay

Engelsburg Gymnasium Kassel (2019)

Finalist for the region South-West

Strengthening labour market integration of refugees: Which approaches work?
This is how we will make it: Promoting diversity and taking advantage of it. Integration of refugees into the employment market.
Looking back at 2015, the time of the refugee crisis was tight, and we all had one big question: How will we manage to incorporate all these people into our community and into our labour market? The goal was and is still to integrate refugees into our society and thus cause an upgrade to our economy. But there has not been made a lot of change lately even though there is a skill shortage in Germany and plenty of unemployed refugees.
After intensive research and lots of conversations with parties that are pertinent to the path of integration, we came to the conclusion that the issue is excessive demands.

The refugees have to get used to the new environment, a different culture and new people. They are supposed to learn an entirely foreign language with new characters. They have to build up a new existence by heading to various contact points. Translating documents, acknowledging papers and many more things have to be done.
On the other side, there are employers. Companies that do not know whether they are allowed to employ the refugees at all. Or if they are permitted, the question is how and where. Obviously, there is a large working surface. We see the solution in a digital platform. A website which is a point of intersection for legal information search, connection and communication. This solves the problem of no transparency, confusion and economic inefficiency during the integration process. It creates a space where integration can take place!

Our platform is supposed to be a drop-in centre for four different parties. The administration is a governmental authority. This could be the local authority, the urban administration or the employment office. It verifies the platform and gives information about the residence permit status and the work permit of the refugees.
And of course, the refugees will get to name their interests and specify their vita. Some things have to be stated by or with the official in charge, the level of language, for instance. To make it as easy as possible for all the diverse refugees. This platform is going to be released in a wide variety of languages.

Furthermore, there are employers. Small firms or big companies, everyone can offer internships, mini-jobs or regular jobs. These job advertisements will include information about necessary previous knowledge, the required level of language and other data that can vary.
The last party embraces all the “other suppliers“. This implies both language courses and free-time activities and volunteering offers.
What we do is sum up all the different essential and necessary information on the path of integration in one central item. This creates transparency, clarity and efficiency. This is what our platform makes unique and more advanced in comparison to the already existing but failed competitors.
Successful integration is key to a sophisticated and forward-looking society of tomorrow. These days Germany is struggling with right-wing radicalism. With the help from our platform, well-integrated refugees that enrich the lives of all of us can finally set an example. Hate and racism can eventually be reduced.And so we present the entire process of integration in a nutshell.

This is how we will make it. This is how we promote diversity and take advantage of variety. And this
is how we will manage to integrate refugees into the employment market.

The last-mile challenge – How can the economic objectives of delivery services be agreed with a resource-conserving urban development?

Courier, express and parcel services (CEP services) are not only essential for the functioning of the fast-growing e-commerce market but also for the diversity of inner-city retail trade. Local decision makers have long recognised the challenge they face in securing the diverse requirements of vibrant cities and simultaneously accommodating customers growing demand for CEP-services. By 2022 parcel delivery will grow to more than 4 bn shipments, from currently already 3,5 bn. As a result, cities must cope with growing noise pollution, poor air quality and congested infrastructure. Already, parcel logistics are responsible for 80% of inner-city congestion. The biggest challenge now is to define and implement new concepts and goals to secure sustainable city logistics. However, municipal competency is fragmented and each city has its own regulations. Hence, transferring new concepts across cities can be difficult. At the same time, the complexity of last-mile delivery increases. Consumers expect highly reliable, on-time, and even faster delivery (same day or even instant delivery). Yet most customers are highly price sensitive. Unattended delivery (e.g. to a parcel locker) – whilst more resource-conserving – is still comparatively unpopular.

As a growing number of competitors enter the increasingly complex market environment, competition increases too. In addition, large online retailers aim to control the entire supply chain. As a result, many different CEP-services operate within the same area, but with individual delivery-networks. This leads to unnecessary trips, higher costs and an inefficient city-logistics. However, this also creates a highly innovative environment. CEP service providers are, for example, testing autonomous ground vehicles, multi-purpose use of different spaces, or low-noise delivery methods at night to improve the effectiveness of their delivery system. Highly promising are so called micro-depots in central locations, at which parcels are stored and reloaded onto smaller, more mobile electric vehicles or bikes in order to be distributed within the near vicinity. From the perspective of city logistics, however, a cross-vendor last-mile distribution system would be much more effective. Yet, CEP service providers see their own concept of last-mile delivery as a key differentiator vis-à-vis their competitors and would rather not share their data.

The last-mile challenge presents a range questions:
Bearing in mind economic and ecologic aspects, what could be the optimal design for a logistic system in your city?

You may want to consider some of the following questions:

Where would be a good location for the micro-hubs? Within which radius should each be supplied? Which vehicles and which systems should be used? Should CEP service providers deliver individually or do you suggest a cross-vendor system (within defined areas / across the whole city)? How could cooperation between CEP service providers look like? What data is needed for an efficient delivery and which incentives could help a data-alliance between competitors (and municipalities)?

BIEK (2017), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2017 (Innovationen auf der letzten Meile), https://www.biek.de/index.php/
studien.html

BIEK (2015), Nachhaltigkeitsstudie 2015 (Nachhaltige Stadtlogistik durch Kurier- Express- und Paketdienste) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2018), KEP-Studie 2018 (Digitaler, effizienter) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

BIEK (2017), KEP-Studie 2017 (Wachstum über Grenzen hinweg) https://www.biek.de/
index.php/studien.html

PWC (2017), Aufbruch auf der letzten Meile – Neue Wege für die städtische Logistik https://www.pwc.de/de/
transport-und-logistik/pwc-studie-aufbruch-auf-der-letzten-meile.pdf

McKinsey (2016), An integrated perspective on the future of mobility
http://worldmobilityleadershipforum.com/
wp-content/uploads/2016/11/An-integrated-perspective-on-the-future-of-mobility.pdf

ZF / ETM-Verlag / Fraunhofer- Institut für Materialfluss und Logistik IML (2016), ZF-Zukunftsstudie 2016. Die letzte Meile im Fokus der Innovationen
http://www.zf-zukunftsstudie.de/

Scientific Partner:

Authors of the topic:

Sabine Rumscheidt
Caroline Vogel

From Flight to Labour Market – How Can the Integration of Refugees Succeed?

The successful integration of refugees has become a key socio-political issue and is crucial to the positive experience of both the refugees and the host countries. The task to facilitate succesful integration applies both to the state and the host society.

Successful integration is a multidimensional concept including aspects such as employment, education, language, housing, health, social contacts and cultural knowledge. Particularly for the working age population, access to the labour market plays a central role, as employment can provide numerous benefits critical to economic independence, social participation in the host country and maintaining a healthy life. According to BAMF asylum statistics, between January and March 2018, 60.4% of asylum seekers were of working age, such that the question of employment affects the majority of asylum seekers. In addition, integration into the labour market can be regarded as a condition for success as it is an essential prerequisite for social coexistence.

Nevertheless, successful labour market integration of refugees entails substantial challenge. Lack of work-related skills, including language, vocational skills and qualifications, make it difficult to integrate refugees into the labour market. A limited social network, residence permit requirements and legal barriers can also add to the difficulty in integration.

In recent years, the Federal Government has adopted several measures and implemented numerous reforms promoting labour market integration of refugees. Nonetheless ,unemployment is high among refugees and their integration into the labour market a tedious process.

The central question that arises is how integration into the labour market can be designed such that refugees are successfully integration, while also the state and host society benefit. The challenge is to develop specific measures to facilitate labour market integration of refugees. Among other things, the asylum process and current difficulties should be addressed.

Photo by rawpixel on Unsplash

Scientific Partner:

Authors of  the topic:

Yvonne Giesing
Carla Rhode
Tanja Stitteneder
Madhinee Valeyatheepillay

Engelsburg Gymnasium Kassel (2019)

Finalist for the region South-West

Strengthening labour market integration of refugees: Which approaches work?
This is how we will make it: Promoting diversity and taking advantage of it. Integration of refugees into the employment market.
Looking back at 2015, the time of the refugee crisis was tight, and we all had one big question: How will we manage to incorporate all these people into our community and into our labour market? The goal was and is still to integrate refugees into our society and thus cause an upgrade to our economy. But there has not been made a lot of change lately even though there is a skill shortage in Germany and plenty of unemployed refugees.
After intensive research and lots of conversations with parties that are pertinent to the path of integration, we came to the conclusion that the issue is excessive demands.

The refugees have to get used to the new environment, a different culture and new people. They are supposed to learn an entirely foreign language with new characters. They have to build up a new existence by heading to various contact points. Translating documents, acknowledging papers and many more things have to be done.
On the other side, there are employers. Companies that do not know whether they are allowed to employ the refugees at all. Or if they are permitted, the question is how and where. Obviously, there is a large working surface. We see the solution in a digital platform. A website which is a point of intersection for legal information search, connection and communication. This solves the problem of no transparency, confusion and economic inefficiency during the integration process. It creates a space where integration can take place!

Our platform is supposed to be a drop-in centre for four different parties. The administration is a governmental authority. This could be the local authority, the urban administration or the employment office. It verifies the platform and gives information about the residence permit status and the work permit of the refugees.
And of course, the refugees will get to name their interests and specify their vita. Some things have to be stated by or with the official in charge, the level of language, for instance. To make it as easy as possible for all the diverse refugees. This platform is going to be released in a wide variety of languages.

Furthermore, there are employers. Small firms or big companies, everyone can offer internships, mini-jobs or regular jobs. These job advertisements will include information about necessary previous knowledge, the required level of language and other data that can vary.
The last party embraces all the “other suppliers“. This implies both language courses and free-time activities and volunteering offers.
What we do is sum up all the different essential and necessary information on the path of integration in one central item. This creates transparency, clarity and efficiency. This is what our platform makes unique and more advanced in comparison to the already existing but failed competitors.
Successful integration is key to a sophisticated and forward-looking society of tomorrow. These days Germany is struggling with right-wing radicalism. With the help from our platform, well-integrated refugees that enrich the lives of all of us can finally set an example. Hate and racism can eventually be reduced.And so we present the entire process of integration in a nutshell.

This is how we will make it. This is how we promote diversity and take advantage of variety. And this
is how we will manage to integrate refugees into the employment market.