Access to the German labour market: How can we strengthen the integration of refugees?

In recent years, over one million people have come to Germany to seek asylum. It currently looks as if most of them will not return to their countries of origin in the foreseeable future. From an economic point of view, there is much to be said for people who will be living in Germany for a more extended period.  They should be integrated into the labour market as quickly and as well as possible: Only if fugitives have jobs do they pay contributions to social security funds. Quite apart from this, a job provides greater personal satisfaction, quick language acquisition and contacts with locals.

 

Current figures show that although more and more refugees are finding work in Germany, a large number of them still have great difficulty in gaining a permanent foothold in the labour market. At the same time, the German labour market has developed well in recent years, and companies are more concerned about how they can find enough workers in the future. Against this background, it is crucial to understand better which access routes to the labour market for refugees have the best chances of success and what are the biggest obstacles to integration. Based on the experience of recent years, innovative approaches are needed to ensure that the labour market integration of refugees can be successfully managed in the future.

 

In general:

– Which different actors play a role in the integration of refugees in your city/region? How can they get involved, and what difficulties do they face? What could be improved locally, and how could this be extended to other areas?

 

More concretely:

– How can companies quickly and easily find out what skills refugees bring with them if no meaningful certificates are available?

– How can refugees (and companies) more easily obtain information about the legal framework and the situation on the labour market?

– How can the language acquisition of fugitives and the acquisition of German school-leaving certificates be promoted?

– How can vocational schools and training companies adapt to refugees who have practical skills but little experience in the German education system?

Bundeszentrale fĂĽr politische Bildung:
o Dossier zum Thema Migration: http://www.bpb.de/gesellschaft/migration/dossier-migration/

OECD:
o Vielfältige Infos und Studien zu Migration und Integration aus einer internationalen Perspektive: http://www.oecd.org/berlin/themen/migration-integration/
o Eine gute Ăśbersicht zu Deutschland: http://www.oecd.org/berlin/publikationen/Arbeitsmarktintegration-von-Fluechtlingen-in-Deutschland-2017.pdf
Bundesagentur fĂĽr Arbeit:
o Bietet die zuverlässigsten Zahlen zu Flüchtlingen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt
o Ein guter Ăśberblick ĂĽber Daten zu Fluchtmigration und Integration: https://statistik.arbeitsagentur.de/Statischer-Content/Statistische-Analysen/Statistische-Sonderberichte/Generische-Publikationen/Fluchtmigration.pdf

Institut fĂĽr Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB)
o Monatlicher Zuwanderungsmonitor analysiert Zuwanderung, Beschäftigung und Arbeitslosigkeit von verschiedenen Migrantengruppen https://www.iab.de/de/daten/zuwanderungsmonitor.aspx
o Weitergehende Analysen zur Arbeitsmarktintegration, z.B. https://www.iab.de/de/informationsservice/presse/presseinformationen/kb2518.aspx

Scientific Partner:

Supporting researchers:

Paul Berbée
Katia Gallegos Torres