Today’s media society has undergone fundamental changes due to technological developments, primarily due to the Internet and mobile devices. The universal availability of interactive media services and online social networks generate new opportunities for media use, but also leads to new challenges and dangers. Adequate media literacy is therefore increasingly developing into a crucial qualification to be able to move in the world of life and work. This creates new demands on media competence, which relate to the reflective, self-determined, responsible and participatory handling of new information technologies, data and information. Since a lack of media literacy limits the possibilities for political participation and cultural participation, political education without media education is not possible. In this context, “digital sovereignty”, i.e. the ability to act and decide for oneself in digital space, also plays an important role.