Why don’t they care? Nudges to improve willingness to help (2018)

2019-11-19T10:03:17+01:00

The media continually reports about the failure to provide help. For example, the failure to provide help in the case of a deceased pensioner in an Essen bank. The phenomenon can be seen in almost every country and happens in very different situations, for example mobbing, racism, accidents and attacks, where many people do not intervene and help even though they could. In addition to the personal suffering of the victim, failure to assist has social consequences for society as it reduces macroeconomic welfare. ‘Nudges’ could be a way of increasing the willingness to help. A nudge is a method that influences the behaviour of people without having to resort to bans or laws or having to change social incentives. Nudges are becoming a more popular way of influencing people’s behaviour as new laws or regulations do not have to be issued as policy. Nudges could help to overcome individual blocks such as fear or uncertainty concerning responsibility, thus increasing the level of social welfare.

Why don’t they care? Nudges to improve willingness to help (2018)2019-11-19T10:03:17+01:00

Few Shareholders in Germany: Are we missing something? (2018)

2019-11-19T10:03:22+01:00

The share of shareholders in the German population is rather low compared to other highly developed countries. What are the causes for this German particularity? Are Germans more risk-averse than others? Alternatively, do Germans act irrationally? Are other forms of saving riskless and what about returns in competing asset classes? Not any deviation from the mainstream rectifies policy action. After answering the questions above one may get an idea, whether politicians should intervene and try to increase the number of shareholders in Germany. What do you say?

Few Shareholders in Germany: Are we missing something? (2018)2019-11-19T10:03:22+01:00

The Facebook business model – you are the product (2018)

2018-11-02T10:32:59+01:00

Many of us regularly spend time on Facebook and spend time using other social media. However, hardly anyone asks how Facebook makes its money. Social media actually mainly earns money through advertising. Facebook has become one of the most valuable companies in the world, and it uses this business model. Facebook knows a lot about its two billion-plus users and is getting better at making money from this. What does this mean for users? Is it a problem that Facebook effectively has no competition?‘Nudges’ could be a way of increasing the willingness to help. A nudge is a method that influences the behaviour of people without having to resort to bans or laws or having to change social incentives. Nudges are becoming a more popular way of influencing people’s behaviour as new laws or regulations do not have to be issued as policy. Nudges could help to overcome individual blocks such as fear or uncertainty concerning responsibility, thus increasing the level of social welfare.

The Facebook business model – you are the product (2018)2018-11-02T10:32:59+01:00

Climate Change Mitigation: What does this mean for Developing Countries? (2018)

2019-11-18T12:51:35+01:00

The media continually reports about the failure to provide help. For example, the failure to provide help in the case of a deceased pensioner in an Essen bank. The phenomenon can be seen in almost every country and happens in very different situations, for example mobbing, racism, accidents and attacks, where many people do not intervene and help even though they could. In addition to the personal suffering of the victim, failure to assist has social consequences for society as it reduces macroeconomic welfare. ‘Nudges’ could be a way of increasing the willingness to help. A nudge is a method that influences the behaviour of people without having to resort to bans or laws or having to change social incentives. Nudges are becoming a more popular way of influencing people’s behaviour as new laws or regulations do not have to be issued as policy. Nudges could help to overcome individual blocks such as fear or uncertainty concerning responsibility, thus increasing the level of social welfare.

Climate Change Mitigation: What does this mean for Developing Countries? (2018)2019-11-18T12:51:35+01:00

Environmentally-friendly Nutrition: changing food production and consumption (2018)

2019-11-19T10:14:06+01:00

Johan Rockström summarises the challenge nicely: “The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets targets for ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring prosperity for all. Food is central to achieving this ambitious agenda, as it lies at the heart of most of the 17 SDGs. Food systems are the main cause of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the main user of fresh water, the leading cause of biodiversity loss, the main driver of land-use change and the main cause behind human interference in biogeochemical cycles such as nitrogen and phosphorus. Nothing short of a global transformation of the food system will be needed to stand any chance of reaching all 17 SDGs. In short, if we get it right with food, we get it right with everything else.”

Environmentally-friendly Nutrition: changing food production and consumption (2018)2019-11-19T10:14:06+01:00

Solutions for sustaining the World’s Oceans (2018)

2018-11-02T10:31:26+01:00

The ocean covers more than two-thirds of our planet’s surface. It is a vast ecosystem that regulates the global climate, provides humans with natural resources such as food, raw materials, and energy, and is essential for international trade as well as recreational and cultural activities. However, pressures resulting from overfishing, increasing resource extraction, various sources of pollution, and alterations to coastal zones and ecosystems constitute severe threats to ocean health and sustainability. In many cases, activities on land such as farming, construction, tourism, and waste discharge have negative impacts on coastal and marine environments with negative feedbacks on human well-being. Even though the knowledge and awareness of these threats and relationships are increasing, approaches to achieving a more sustainable utilisation of ocean resources and services are still rare. Sufficient governance mechanisms are often lacking or only partly or slowly implemented.

Solutions for sustaining the World’s Oceans (2018)2018-11-02T10:31:26+01:00
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