Digital Transformation and New Forms of Price Differentiation – What about Social Acceptance? (2018)

2018-08-15T06:21:46+02:00

One aspect of digital transformation is the increasing availability of data on consumer preferences and characteristics. This data also allows conclusions to be drawn about the individual willingness to pay for products or services. Where companies have pricing power, they could use this information for individually different prices for comparable products or services.

Digital Transformation and New Forms of Price Differentiation – What about Social Acceptance? (2018)2018-08-15T06:21:46+02:00

All set to tackle technological change with further training!? (2018)

2018-11-01T10:45:14+01:00

For transactions to take place, the market players involved must have a minimum degree of confidence in the respective exchange partner. Only if someone is confident that he or she will receive the desired product or service in a satisfactory quality they will agree to the transaction. That is not to be taken for granted! There are many situations in which one side of the market has more information than the other. A well-known example from the economic literature is a second-hand car market, where buyers cannot identify a car’s quality easily. In the course of digital transformation, this problem seems to be aggravated: Buyers and sellers often remain anonymous. In most cases, there is at least no personal contact that could help building trust. Therefore, it is worth taking a closer look at the solutions that have emerged in the digital world: What do they look like and how well do they work? What other solutions are imaginable?

All set to tackle technological change with further training!? (2018)2018-11-01T10:45:14+01:00

Migration matters – Immigration in the context of skill shortage and demographic change (2018)

2018-11-01T12:02:47+01:00

In recent years, Germany has experienced a substantial increase in immigration which was mainly due to a boost in refugee migration. This kind of migration differs from labour migration not only concerning the cause of migration but also with respect to the prospects of permanent residence and the migrants’ individual characteristics such as age, sex and education. Historically, there have been various increases in immigration rates before, for example, induced by a rise in refugee migration after 1945, targeted labour migration with the help of bilateral recruitment agreements between Germany and South European countries since the 1960s and the high level of internal migration within Europe and Germany since the 1990s. Nowadays, immigrants from other European countries still are the largest group of immigrants in Germany.‘Nudges’ could be a way of increasing the willingness to help. A nudge is a method that influences the behaviour of people without having to resort to bans or laws or having to change social incentives. Nudges are becoming a more popular way of influencing people’s behaviour as new laws or regulations do not have to be issued as policy. Nudges could help to overcome individual blocks such as fear or uncertainty concerning responsibility, thus increasing the level of social welfare.

Migration matters – Immigration in the context of skill shortage and demographic change (2018)2018-11-01T12:02:47+01:00

eGoverning Germany: The Future of Public Administration (2018)

2018-11-02T10:35:24+01:00

While digitalisation has been present for long and on the rise in all areas of life, the digitalisation of public administration in Germany is still in its infancy. Compared with other countries, Germany is only in the mid-range concerning eGovernment, at the most. The result of this is an inefficiently organised bureaucracy, the harmful effects of which can be felt by citizens by way of unnecessary official procedures, long processing times and mediocre quality.

eGoverning Germany: The Future of Public Administration (2018)2018-11-02T10:35:24+01:00

Promoting Digitisation in Business (2018)

2018-10-29T10:50:57+01:00

Digitisation is a central aspect of an increasingly fast-paced technological change. Digital technologies are therefore forming the basis for new business models more frequently, and the digitalisation of production and work processes is continually gaining momentum. The successful use of digital technologies in many industries is now considered to be crucial to stay competitive in the future on an international level. Overall, the success of digital transformation in the economy is considered to be vital in securing growth and prosperity. As an example, the digitalisation of production in Germany, also known as ‘Industry 4.0’, is seen as a great opportunity as the manufacturing industry continues to be important in Germany when compared with other industrial nations on an international level. However, digital technologies are already prominent even in the service sector and in agriculture, and it is important to keep up-to-date with the latest trends and accept the opportunities and challenges that come with further digitalisation (a keyword here is ‘platform economy’).

Promoting Digitisation in Business (2018)2018-10-29T10:50:57+01:00

Organising an Efficient Allocation of Day-Care Spots for Children (2018)

2018-11-02T10:35:52+01:00

It is crucial for many parents to provide day-care for their children because they want and often need to return to the job market. Moreover, since such a return needs quite some time of preparation and coordination with the employer, parents need a guarantee for their child’s care. Currently, the application processes are complicated and lengthy. So the proper distribution process should consist of several criteria: The parents should be able to decide when and which institution should care for their child. The number of spots should be used efficiently. Also, the parents must deliver a true set of facts from the parents regarding the distance to home or workplace and educational concept. False statements to get a spot in a particular institution must be prohibited. As a result, parents should be satisfied with the first offer they get for a spot because it would fit their requirements. Currently, many parents state their wishes to get a spot for a particular institution or wait for other offers, which leads to an advantage for parents who are better informed over others.

Organising an Efficient Allocation of Day-Care Spots for Children (2018)2018-11-02T10:35:52+01:00

Why don’t they care? Nudges to improve willingness to help (2018)

2019-11-19T10:03:17+01:00

The media continually reports about the failure to provide help. For example, the failure to provide help in the case of a deceased pensioner in an Essen bank. The phenomenon can be seen in almost every country and happens in very different situations, for example mobbing, racism, accidents and attacks, where many people do not intervene and help even though they could. In addition to the personal suffering of the victim, failure to assist has social consequences for society as it reduces macroeconomic welfare. ‘Nudges’ could be a way of increasing the willingness to help. A nudge is a method that influences the behaviour of people without having to resort to bans or laws or having to change social incentives. Nudges are becoming a more popular way of influencing people’s behaviour as new laws or regulations do not have to be issued as policy. Nudges could help to overcome individual blocks such as fear or uncertainty concerning responsibility, thus increasing the level of social welfare.

Why don’t they care? Nudges to improve willingness to help (2018)2019-11-19T10:03:17+01:00

Media Usage in the Digital World (2018)

2018-11-02T10:36:18+01:00

Today’s media society has undergone fundamental changes due to technological developments, primarily due to the Internet and mobile devices. The universal availability of interactive media services and online social networks generate new opportunities for media use, but also leads to new challenges and dangers. Adequate media literacy is therefore increasingly developing into a crucial qualification to be able to move in the world of life and work. This creates new demands on media competence, which relate to the reflective, self-determined, responsible and participatory handling of new information technologies, data and information. Since a lack of media literacy limits the possibilities for political participation and cultural participation, political education without media education is not possible. In this context, “digital sovereignty”, i.e. the ability to act and decide for oneself in digital space, also plays an important role.

Media Usage in the Digital World (2018)2018-11-02T10:36:18+01:00

Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Highly-skilled Migrants (2018)

2018-11-20T11:00:14+01:00

The current migration crisis is raising public awareness to the importance of population movements. Recent studies show that 3% of the global population does not live in their native countries (see Özden et al., 2011). Population movements have been increasing since the 1960s and are becoming more and more asymmetrical: the majority of current immigration waves focus on a few countries and cities of destination. In particular, the destinations of highly qualified migrants – interesting from an economic point of view – are concentrated on a few English-speaking regions with relatively high incomes (Kerr et al., 2016). The reasons for the migration of highly skilled workers to their destination countries are manifold: On the one hand, the desire to spend one to two semesters in the destination country as an exchange student, or even to gain a foreign degree over an extended period (two to four years). On the other hand, however, political conflicts and economic crises in the country of origin can lead to the emigration of highly qualified people.

Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Highly-skilled Migrants (2018)2018-11-20T11:00:14+01:00

How to Combat Child Poverty and how can Children and Adolescents be Best Supported? (2018)

2018-11-02T10:38:27+01:00

In Germany, many children and young people in households are living below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. This also has long-term effects. Studies have shown that success in education and other important things (such as health, life expectancy etc.) are heavily dependent on the home. At the same time, Germany has a developed welfare state and social expenditure represents an essential part of the federal budget. Most of the support for children and young people in low-income families comes in the form of cash payments, e.g. unemployment benefits II (‘Hartz IV’), housing benefit or child supplements. There are also benefits such as child allowance, which all families are entitled to regardless of income. Most services specifically aim at single parents, for example, maintenance payments. As well as these cash payments, families also receive support through benefits in kind and services offerings. This includes childcare (parental contributions are made on a sliding scale based on social status, and only cover a portion of the actual cost), free education and support as part of the education and participation package, as well as child and youth welfare services. Benefits in kind and service offerings are often justified by the fact that the support reaches the children or young people in this way. However, the education and participation package shows that parents and public administration have significantly higher expenses with this kind of support in comparison with cash payments.

How to Combat Child Poverty and how can Children and Adolescents be Best Supported? (2018)2018-11-02T10:38:27+01:00
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